Lakhimpur Kheri Me Sikh Abadi: Since the violence that took place in Lakhimpur Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh in the past, this district has remained in the headlines. Four Sikh farmers were allegedly crushed to death by vehicles near Tikunia village here. Four other people were also killed in the violence that followed. This incident has brought the Sikh community of UP in the headlines. Meanwhile, its MP Varun Gandhi, who is angry with the BJP, has said that efforts are being made to give a Sikh versus Hindu color to the matter in the area. In such a situation, the question arises whether the Sikh community is any political force in this entire area?
Where did Sikh farmers come from in UP?
Actually, Lakhimpur district is part of that Terai area of UP where after independence there were forests in the whole area. The entire area of Terai is adjacent to Nepal. The Himalayas begin from here. This whole area was deserted. There was very little population here.
During the partition of the country, the people of the Sikh community who were displaced from Pakistan were settled by the Government of India by giving them land in this area. At that time thousands of Sikh families were given land here and the people of the community worked hard to settle these barren lands.
Within no time this community made this area green. After this, their relatives and other people of Punjab came in contact with these farmers. Due to the cheap land in this area, a large number of other farmers from Punjab also migrated here. Thus, in the 1960s-70s, a large number of farmers from Punjab settled in this area of UP.
These districts of UP have maximum number of Sikhs
The five districts of Terai, Lakhimpur, Pilibhit, Shahjahanpur, Bijnor and Rampur have the highest number of Sikhs. All of them settled here from Punjab at the time of partition and in the later days. Udham Singh Pur district of Uttarakhand is considered a stronghold of Sikhs in this entire area. With their hard work, this community had made a special identity in agriculture in this entire area.
What is the population of Sikhs
According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Sikh community in Uttar Pradesh is about six and a half lakhs. These also include those Sikhs who are natives of big cities of the state like Kanpur, Agra. According to an estimate, there are about five Sikhs in the Terai area of UP. Most of the Sikh population of Terai region lives in villages and they grow crops like wheat and paddy like in Punjab-Haryana.
There are maximum number of Sikhs in Lakhimpur Kheri of Terai
Lakhimpur Kheri is the largest district of Uttar Pradesh in terms of area. Its total area is 7680 sq km. It is about 130 km from Lucknow. This district comes under Lucknow administration only. This is where the largest Sikh population lives.
Due to the abundant availability of natural resources i.e. water, this district contributes a lot to the economy of UP. Along with agriculture, this district is very ahead in fisheries and forestry. Dudhwa is also the only National Park of Uttar Pradesh in this district.
According to the 2011 census, Lakhimpur has a population of about 95 thousand Sikhs. In terms of numbers, Sikhs are not a big political force here too, but they have a huge contribution in agriculture and economy.
Dominance of Dalit and Kurmi voters
The share of the Sikh community in Lakhimpur Kheri’s population of about 40 lakhs is very less. The entire area is dominated by Dalit and backward class voters. There are about 4.25 lakh Dalits and Kirab five lakh OBC voters. There are also a significant number of Muslim voters in the area. According to the report, such voters are around 3.25 lakh.
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