Unexplained Weight Loss By the way, in today’s era, what do people do to reduce their weight. Reduce food, live on a healthy diet, go to the gym, do regular exercise. But if it happens that your weight is continuously decreasing without doing anything, then it is not a sign of your being fit or slim, but its path can lead to many serious diseases.
According to healthline.com, you need to be a little alert. If you have lost 5 percent of your weight in 6 to 12 months, then you need to consult a doctor. Although not all weight loss is serious, it can happen after a life-changing or stressful event. However, unintentional weight loss can be a sign of one of these medical conditions.
Loss of muscle mass, known as muscle loss, can lead to unexpected weight loss. Its main symptom is muscle weakness. One of your limbs may seem smaller than the other. Actually our body is made up of fat mass and fat-free mass, which includes muscle, bone and water.
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If you lose muscle, you will lose weight. This can happen if you do not use the muscle for some time. It is most common in people who do not exercise, work at a desk, or are in bed. Generally, exercise and proper nutrition will reverse the loss of muscle mass.
Hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid, develops when your thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormone. These hormones control many functions in the body including metabolism. If your thyroid is overactive, you will burn calories quickly even if you have a good appetite. The result may be unintentional weight loss.
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Possible causes of hyperthyroidism include rapid and irregular heart rate, anxiety, fatigue, inability to tolerate heat, trouble sleeping, trembling hands, and fewer periods in women.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that attacks your immune system through the lining of your joints. This is that condition of the body, in which there is constant pain in the joints, swelling occurs. Chronic inflammation can speed up metabolism and lead to overall weight loss. It usually affects both the joints of your body equally. If you have this disease, you cannot walk for an hour or more, if you try to do so, your joints will feel stiff. It is usually caused by age, genes (hereditary), hormonal changes, smoking, passive smoking, obesity, treatment of rheumatoid arthritis usually starts with medication.
Another cause of unwanted weight loss is type 1 diabetes. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. Without insulin, your body cannot use glucose for energy. This causes high blood sugar. Your kidneys remove the unused glucose through urine. Just as sugar leaves your body, so do calories. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are frequent urination, dehydration, tiredness, blurred vision, excessive thirst or hunger. Its treatment includes medicines, exercise and reducing sweet things in food.
Weight loss can be a side effect of depression, which is defined as feeling sad, lost or empty for at least two weeks. These feelings interfere with everyday activities, such as going to work or school. Depression affects the same parts of the brain that control appetite. This can lead to loss of appetite, and ultimately, weight loss. Depression can increase appetite in some people. Its symptoms differ from one person to another. Other symptoms of depression include persistent sadness, low interest in things you like, low energy, sleeping too little or too much, and irritability.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
Excess weight loss can be a symptom of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) ie Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflammatory bowel disease is one such disease related to digestion, which can give rise to many types of problems. Due to this disease, there can be a problem of long-term inflammation in the digestive system. People who have the disease (IBD) may have general fatigue, diarrhea, cramps, abdominal pain and digestive problems. This reduces appetite and reduces weight.
Another cause of excessive weight loss is tuberculosis (TB), a contagious condition that usually affects the lungs. It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. Weight loss and loss of appetite are the main symptoms of TB. TB spreads through the air.
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You can catch TB without getting sick. If your immune system can fight it, the bacteria will be dormant. Its symptoms are cough for 3 weeks or more, chest pain, coughing up blood or phlegm, tiredness, night sweats, chills, fever. TB is usually treated with a course of antibiotics for six to nine months.
Cancer is a general term for diseases that cause abnormal cells to rapidly divide and spread. According to the American Cancer Society, the first symptoms may be a weight loss of 10 pounds or more. Cancers of the pancreas, lung, stomach and esophagus are common. The early symptoms of cancer are fever, fatigue, pain, skin changes. But sometimes, cancer does not cause any symptoms. Its treatment depends on the type of cancer. Commonly given treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy.
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