Why China Claims Arunachal Pradesh: China has been upset by the visit of Vice President Venkaiah Naidu to Arunachal Pradesh (Interesting Facts About Arunachal Pradesh), India’s most remote northeastern state. Arunachal Pradesh, which has been an integral part of us for centuries, claims to belong to the expansionist government of the neighboring country. Well today we are not answering this argument of China. Rather, we are sharing some interesting information with you about this land which is included in the most beautiful states of the country.
Arunachal Pradesh is a mountainous state bordered by Bhutan in the west, Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north, Myanmar and Nagaland in the south and southeast. To its south and south-west is Assam.
Arunachal Pradesh, as its name suggests. Arun means the Earth of the Sun. Arunachala literally means the land of sunrise. It has been a region of the Indian subcontinent for centuries. Discussion of this area is also found in texts like Mahabharata and Ramayana.
North East Frontier Agency
This area was known as the North East Frontier Agency since the British period. It was a part of Assam. In the year 1972 it was made a union territory and then in 1987 it was made a full-fledged Indian state. The area of this state is 83,743 sq km. Its population is around 14 lakhs.
History of Arunachal
In the year 1912-13, the government of British India made an agreement with the native inhabitants of the Himalayan hills in the country’s Northeast. Based on this agreement, he established the Balipara Frontier Track in the West, the Sadia Frontier Track in the East and the Abor and Mishmi Hills and Tirap Frontier Tracks in the South. All these tracks were merged to form the North-East Frontier Agency, which is now Arunachal Pradesh.
At the same time the northern boundary of this tract was fixed and it was named McMahon Line. This line is 885 km long and there is a dispute between India and China regarding this. China does not accept this line.
Actually, this line was named after Sir Henry McMahon, who was the Secretary in the Indian Foreign Department at that time. He was the representative of Great Britain at a conference held in Shimla in 1912-13. This conference was organized to resolve the issues with Tibet and establish a frontier.
Till the British period, this line between the two regions was acceptable as a geographical, caste and administrative boundary. Representatives from Britain, China and Tibet participated in this conference. They all agreed to create a frontier between Tibet and Northeast India, but two days after the meeting, the then Chinese government refused to sign the agreement.
China claimed the entire Northeast
After India’s independence in 1947, China claimed the entire mountainous area of Assam. He says that China never accepted the McMahon line. He says that due to the British expansionist policy, this area was occupied by him.
Arunachal visible on the map of China
A lot of letters were written on this issue between the first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and the then Prime Minister of China, Zhou Inlai. In these letters, China showed a map of the year 1929 in which this area was shown as the territory of China. But in some other maps before 1935 it is shown as part of India.
Earlier, in the Survey of India of 1883, this area has been described as a disputed area, whose administration is run by British India. So much so that maps of India and Britain have mentioned the McMahon Line since 1914.
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