New York. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) will hold an emergency meeting on Monday on the situation in Afghanistan at the request of Estonia and Norway. Council diplomats said on Sunday that UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres would brief council members on the latest situation following the Taliban’s capture of the capital, Kabul. Earlier, the UN chief also lamented early indications that the Taliban was imposing harsh restrictions in areas under its control, specifically targeting women and journalists.
The UN chief also called on the Taliban, which is rapidly capturing provincial capitals across the country, to immediately halt attacks and hold “sincere talks” in the interest of Afghanistan and its people. Guterres said, “The signal of the international community to those on the path of war is clear: Seizing power by military might is a failed move.” This will only lead to a prolonged civil war or a complete isolation of Afghanistan.
On the other hand, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani left the country on Sunday. Simultaneously, countrymen and foreigners are also trying to leave the war-torn country, which marks the end of the 20-year experiment of Western countries to build a new Afghanistan. The two officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said that Ghani left the country by air. Both officials were not authorized to brief the journalists. Later Abdullah Abdullah, the head of the Afghan National Reconciliation Council, confirmed that Ghani had left the country. Abdullah said, ‘The former President of Afghanistan has left the country, leaving Afghanistan in this difficult situation. May Allah hold them accountable.
What were the speculations about the Taliban?
Despite billions of dollars spent by the US and NATO to prepare security forces in Afghanistan over nearly two decades, the Taliban surprisingly captured almost all of Afghanistan in a week. Just days earlier, a US military assessment estimated it would take a month for the capital to come under Taliban pressure.
The fall of Kabul to Taliban control marks the final chapter of America’s longest war, which began after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks planned by al-Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden. Osama was then sheltered by the Taliban government. A US-led invasion toppled the Taliban from power. However, due to the Iraq war, America was distracted from this war.
America has been trying to get out of the war for years. Under the leadership of then US President Donald Trump, Washington signed a deal with the Taliban in February 2020, which limits direct military action against insurgents. This allowed the Taliban to mobilize their strength and move rapidly to capture key areas. At the same time, President Joe Biden announced his plan to withdraw all US troops from Afghanistan by the end of this month.
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